General Surgery

Procedure name Common name Description
Anal dilatation Anal stretch Anal dilatation refers to the procedure where the anal sphincter muscle is stretched, usually where narrowing, or a painful fissure, is present.
Breast biopsy/ removal lump Removal of breast lump Surgical removal, usually for examination by a pathologist, of a breast lump.
Colonoscopy Bowel examination The examination of the inside of the large bowel, with a flexible, light tube. 
Excision lipoma Removal of mole Surgical excision of a lipoma, i.e. benign, soft tumour of fatty tissue.
Gastroscopy Gastroscopy The examination of the oesophagus and stomach with a flexible light tube.
Haemorrhoidectomy Removal of haemorrhoids The surgical removal of haemorrhoids (swelling and inflammation of veins in the rectum and anus).
Inguinal hernia repair Hernia repair The surgical correction of an inguinal hernia (opening, weakness, or bulge) in the lining tissue of the abdominal wall in the groin area.
Resection of the big toe nail In-grown toe nail removal The surgical removal of in-grown toe nails (the condition in which the edge of a nail cuts into the adjacent skin fold, causing pain, redness, and swelling).
Sigmoidoscopy Rectum examination The examination of the rectum and lower part of the colon by a flexible tube.
Umbilical hernia repair Umbilical repair An umbilical hernia repair is a surgical procedure performed to close an opening near the umbilicus (navel) that has allowed abdominal contents to protrude.